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September 13 2012



The European Community Trademark is a system whereby a trademark owner may file one trademark application with all the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM), with a designated language, which, once registered, provides the trademark owner rights in most countries with the European Union. Under European Council Regulation (EC) No. 40/94, an individual application published to a central office will result in a registration valid in the Member States with the European.

Miami Law

OHIM, positioned in Alicante, Spain, first started accepting Community Trademark applications on January 1, 1996.

The city Trademark will not abolish national trademark protection but allows registrations which coexist with national trademarks. Town Trademark can be a affordable and simplified way of obtaining protection in Countries in europe instead of seeking registrations in several European countries individually. A candidate files only one application and pays the costs of prosecuting only one application, instead of prosecuting applications for every separate country.

The government costs by the writing with this are 900 Euro to get a single application filed in paper form, and 750 Euro in the event the application is filed electronically. The cost for adding additional classes above three is 150 Euro. The basic fee for obtaining registration with the mark once it is often examined and approved is 850 Euro. Renewal fees are 1500 Euro or 1350 Euro, if filed electronically.

The city Trademark can be obtained to European companies and non-European companies alike. With some limited restrictions, everybody is permitted to declare a Community Trademark. Only non-European, non-Paris Convention and non-World Trade Organization (WTO) member states that won't accord reciprocal rights to foreign applicants are excluded.

The Official languages under which a residential area Trademark could be filed are English, French, German, Italian, and Spanish. The language requirement may pose a challenge for applicants whose native language just isn't among the five official Community Trademark Office languages.

Businesses who already own a trademark registration within the Eu countries may claim a high priority registration date for the reason that mark so long as the safety sought is not any broader than that provided by the earlier national registrations. Given this priority, after the Community Trademark application is granted, the nation's registration could be able to lapse, as the earlier national priority will probably be embodied in the neighborhood Trademark registration. Likewise, a residential area Trademark application, if objected to by various EU countries, can be converted to a national registration within an individual EU country, while retaining the priority date with the CTM application.

Once essential requirement of having both national and CTM registrations existing simultaneously is the fact that an applicant should conduct a Trademark Search both of the CTM register along with the registers of each and every individual EU countries. Prior registrations, whether identical or confusingly similar to the applicants mark, both in individual countries as well as on the CTM register, can actually block registration of a company's trademark.

When a Community Trademark application is filed, searching report is generated listing various similar or identical registered and pending marks, giving criminal background the opportunity to withdraw the application form. Other European member states conduct their own searches and notify work of any conflicting registrations found.


While trademark rights in general are perpetual, in the usa and most other countries, to maintain a trademark in effect the mark must be used in commerce. Failure to use the potential for any certain period of time will result in its abandonment. Under town Trademark system, use in only one from the member states constitutes used in the whole Community sufficient to maintain the objective in essence.

Five years' nonuse of a mark renders a registration vulnerable to cancellation, although as indicated above used in one EU member state is deemed use within these.


Oppositions may be triggered the basis of other Community Trademarks, national registrations or applications, as well as other prior rights. A help to opposers is the fact that just one opposition proceeding can affect the whole Community Trademark filing, instead of having to oppose in every individual country.

Applications could be opposed within 90 days of publication for opposition for opposition purposes. An opposer can file in most of the five languages of the Office, but must provide translation at their own expense if he does not pick one of the languages from the application involved. Applications which are opposed successfully, or are otherwise refused, might be changed into national applications retaining the original priority date.

Where for five years, the proprietor of the earlier national registration has acquiesced in the utilization of a later CTM within the member state where the earlier trademark is safe, there shall be no basis for invalidating or opposing the CTM. This doesn't affect use of the CTM in the other member states.


A Community Trademark Registration is renewable every a decade. The renewal in all countries covered by the Community Trademark can be carried out through a single filing. The costs and administrative benefits of just one renewal filing using a single fee, versus many filings and costs, are wonderful. .


A License to utilize mark is an effective means for a trademark owner to make use of its rights inside the mark. The license gives a third party the right to make use of the mark under the terms and conditions presented through the licensor. A license can be either exclusive or non-exclusive, and may lay out the territories that works well. Payment of your royalty is usual regarding the receiving a license. Recordal of the license on the Community Trademark Office is required to be effective against organizations. The advantage of this can be that, just as in renewal, only 1 recordal in Alicante is essential. Assignments also needs to be recorded to work against third parties.


Actions for infringement, and appeals therefrom, are brought in the person member states in courts specially designated to hear Community Trademark matters, that can apply EU law, as opposed to national law.


Underneath the Regulation and Rules, a party whose Community Trademark application is rejected, either based on prior rights and some other, can convert the application form into separate national applications that keep the Community Trademark application priority date.


The European Community Trademark is a streamlined and cost-effective mechanism for obtaining trademark rights in the European Community. Through one filing and something filing fee a candidate can get a registration covering all of the countries with the Eu. This can be particularly good for U.S. companies working in Europe. Further, the necessity that use of your mark must just be produced in one country of the EU, enables us companies in order to concentrate on just those Europe of curiosity in their mind under their mark, while allowing room so they can expand many or services with other EU countries protected by their trademark.

Miami Law

The Miami Law Offices of Michael D. Stewart can help you over these along with a number of other issues. You may e mail us at Michael D. Stewart, Esq. * Law Offices of Michael D. Stewart * 200 SE 1st St, Suite 701 * Miami, Florida 33131


1-305-394-8546 Telephone * 1-866-438-6574 Toll-Free

© Copyright 2012 Michael D. Stewart

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